Gazebos are freestanding or attached to a garden wall, roofed, and open on all sides. They provide shade, shelter, ornamentalfeatures in a landscape, and a place to rest. Some gazebos in public parks are large enough to serve as bandstands or rain shelters.
The word gazebo was used by British architects John and William Halfpenny in their book Rural Architecture in the Chinese Taste (1750). Plate 55 of the book, “Elevation of a Chinese Gazebo”, shows “a Chinese Tower or Gazebo, situated on a Rock, and raised to a considerable Height, and a Gallery round it to render the Prospect more complete.”